Death Penalty at the County Level

On this page, you will find information, statistics, and resources about the death penalty at the county level.

Why are counties the key to ending the death penalty?

Geography plays a significant role in the application of the death penalty.

“Between 2004 and 2009, for example, just 29 counties (fewer than 1% of counties in the country) accounted for approximately half of all death sentences imposed nationwide. And in 2012, just 59 counties (fewer than 2% of counties in the country) accounted for all death sentences imposed nationwide.”

– U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer, Glossip v. Gross dissent

Seeking the death penalty is at the discretion of the prosecutor. There are more than 200 elected County and District Attorneys in the State of Texas.


Key Facts

  • Of the 254 counties in Texas, 134 counties have never imposed a death sentence.
  • The current death row population of Texas comes from just 51 counties.
  • More than one-third of Texas’ current death row population – 80 individuals – were convicted in Harris County alone.
  • Since 2013, 22 counties have imposed a death sentence.
  • Just six counties – constituting less than 3% of the 254 counties in Texas – account for more than half of all new death sentences since 2013.  See TCADP’s report, Texas Death Penalty Developments in 2017, for details.

 

Resources

Fact Sheets
Factsheets from the Texas Criminal Justice Coalition
Facts about the Texas Death Penalty (one-page version, North Texas focus), updated June 1, 2018 Download PDF
Facts about the Texas Death Penalty (one-page version, Bexar County focus), updated June 1, 2018 Download PDF
Facts about the Texas Death Penalty (one-page version, Harris County focus), updated June 1, 2018 Download PDF

Videos
Power of Prosecutors
Adam John Foss’ Bold Idea for Reforming Prosecutors
Meet Your DA


What can you do? 

There are many opportunities for civic and political engagement at the local level:

  • Pay attention to important local elections that impact use of the death penalty in your county; these include candidates for district attorney, county judge and county commissioners, and state district judges.
  • Participate in town hall meetings, candidate debates, open houses, and other forums to engage with candidates and elected officials; ask the candidates about their approach to criminal justice issues.
  • Attend meetings of local political/civic groups.
  • Attend precinct and district conventions (in the spring) and state political conventions (in the summer); contact us about providing information on the death penalty at these events.
  • In an individual capacity, work on a local campaign.  This is a great way to build relationships with elected officials and other political activists in your community.
    • Note TCADP is a 501(c)(3) organization, which means that we do not get involved in political campaigns or endorse candidates. We also are strictly non-partisan.
  • Schedule a meeting with your current state senator and state representative in their district offices; contact TCADP if you would like to learn more about your lawmakers and their position on death penalty issues. We also can connect you with other TCADP members in your district if you would like to organize a small delegation to join you for a meeting.