Sanders: Another troubling Dallas case
The case of Carlton Akee Turner, who is scheduled for the Texas death
chamber Thursday evening, presents the state and its noble citizens a
whole set of conundrums:
What really should be done with troubled youths who commit horrible
Do we truly care about the feelings of the victims' families and how they
How should our highest criminal court deal with cases from Dallas County
particularly, with its history of racism, terribly flawed investigations
and what some see as true "criminal" prosecution tactics of the recent
At what point do the people of Texas say "enough is enough" when it comes
to capital punishment, even for those who committed a crime, as Turner
most certainly did?
Many of you will remember the case of the Irving teenager arrested and
charged with murdering his own parents, 2 revered people in the community
who had adopted him as an 11-month-old baby.
The news shocked North Texas, and many people were asking at the time,
"How could he have done that?" That question still haunts Turner family
members, many of whom want to see the young man's life spared.
Turner, called "Akee" by family members, was born on an Indian reservation
in Utah on Independence Day, 1979, according to a clemency petition filed
with the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles by representatives of the
University of Texas School of Law Capital Punishment Clinic.
"As a child of a Native American woman and a black man, he was not
accepted by his mother's tribe," the petition said.
Carlton Turner Sr. and his wife, Tonya, and the child moved around the
country because of the elder Turner's military career. And they often
visited family in Pennsylvania together.
Other family members saw a happy couple with a delightfully "cute" child
a stable household with no problems.
But, according to the petition, "While Tonya and Carlton presented the
picture of a happy well adjusted family, troubles started at an early age.
Akee exhibited learning and behavioral problems as early as elementary
school. These continued throughout his school years. His problems were
only exacerbated by his father's strict and abusive punishments. He
suffered broken fingers, cuts, bruises and a broken leg (after his father
threw him to the ground when he was seven years old), and endured many
trips to the hospital as a result of his father's punishment."
Turner, 19 at the time he shot his parents, testified about the abuse and
said he killed his father in self-defense. He said he didn't know why he
killed his mother.
After the shooting, he dragged their bodies to the garage, where police
found them three days later after obtaining a search warrant.
The facts about the crime were presented in court and don't really play a
part in the requests for clemency, something rarely granted in Texas under
Maurie Levin, an attorney with the UT law school's Capital Punishment
Clinic, argues in the petition and a supplement that Turner's sentence
should be commuted to life on two grounds: Dallas County's history
(including in this case) of excluding black people from juries in capital
cases, and the fact that relatives of his dead parents also members of
his family don't want him executed.
Turner was convicted by an all-white jury, and anecdotal evidence suggests
that no black people even made it to the voir dire (or questioning) part
of jury selection. Jurors who expressed reservations about capital
punishment on their questionnaires, a disproportionate number being
African-American, were rejected "despite the fact that they may have been
legally qualified to serve," the attorney said in her supplement to the
Because of the practice of excluding blacks from capital cases in Dallas
County, both prosecutors and defense lawyers were complicit in this
tainted procedure, the petition says. "The capital prosecution of an
African American man by an all white jury from a jurisdiction with such an
extensive record of discrimination in exactly that arena should cause
doubts in the first instance," the petition said. "Where … there is
evidence of a deeper level of discrimination that is, by its nature, well
camouflaged, a call for a halt to Mr. Turner's scheduled execution is
compelled, at least until further investigation can be conducted."
Noting a quote from Gov. Rick Perry that we "never forget the impact felt
by crime victims," the attorney points out that the "vast majority" of
Tony and Carlton Turner Sr.'s family members do not want to see the
couple's son executed.
"Executions are held out as a talisman that will provide the victim with
closure," said the petition. "This belief serves in part as a rationale
for executions. But, in Mr. Turner's case, an 'eye for an eye' truly does
leave a family blind, twice robbed of their own."
Affidavits from 3 family members were submitted with the petition.
Kelly Johnson of Philadelphia, Tonya's brother, wrote: "I do not wish to
see my sister's only child executed. I believe in my heart that my sister
would only have wanted Akee to receive the help that he needed to restore
his mind to a sound state."
Tonya Turner's first cousin and close friend, Krishell Coleman of
Lawrenceville, Ga., said, "I don't think Carlton should be executed. I
don't want him to be executed. Now that I know more of the details that
led to the murders, I realize that he needs help. Killing him is just
another murder. Nothing is going to bring my cousin back. Killing him will
just hurt our family again, the way Tonya and Carlton's murders did."
The Board of Pardons and Paroles should recommend that the governor
commute the sentence, and Perry should heed that advice.
(source: Fort Worth Star-Telegram; Bob Ray Sanders' column appears Sundays